The Origin of Local Place Names @ allertonOak  
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Place Original Name Language Meaning Notes
Arrowe Arwe (1240) Anglo-Saxon Arable land  
Barnston Bernestone (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Beornwulf's farm or settlement  
Bebington Bedintone (1096) Anglo-Saxon Bebbe's farm or settlement  
Bidston Bediston (1260) Anglo-Saxon Byddi's farm  
Birkenhead Bircheveth (1190) Anglo-Saxon Birch-tree headland  
Brimstage Brunestath (1260) Anglo-Saxon Bruna's place  
Bromborough Brunburg (ca.1120) Anglo-Saxon Bruna's fortification Perhaps Brunanburh near which Athelstan defeated an invasion of Norsemen and Scots in 937.
Burton   Anglo-Saxon Farmer's settlement  
Caldy Calders (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Cold arse A general term for a bare hill like the one around which it clusters.
Capenhurst Capeles (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Wood by a chapel  
Childer Thornton   Anglo-Saxon (Noble) child's thorn-tree farm or settlement  
Claughton Claghtun (1260) Anglo-Saxon Clay settlement  
Dee   Welsh Dark (water)  
Denhall Danewell (1184) Old Norse Danes' well Nucleus of the Danish community?
Eastham Estha (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon East homestead or village Pretty much as far East as you can go in the Wirral.
Frankby Frankeby (1230) Old Danish Franki's village or settlement  
Gayton Gaitone (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Goat farmstead  
Grange   Middle English Grange  
Greasby Gravesberie (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Graef's stronghold  
Hadlow Edelawe (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon   Survives only as Hadlow Road, Willaston.
Heswall Eswelle (DB 1086) Old Norse Hazel field  
Hilbre Hildeburgheye (1388) Old Norse Hildeberg's island  
Hinderton Hindertown (1621) Old Norse Village lying at the back  
Hoose   Anglo-Saxon Heel (of land) Now subsumed within Hoylake
Hooton Hotone (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Farm or settlement on a heel of land  
Hoylake Hyle Lake (1687) Anglo-Saxon Hollow filled with water (hoyle) After the anchorage once off the coast (later Hoyle Lake)
Irby Irreby (1096) Old Norse Settlement of the Irish Probably refers to Norse people from Ireland as opposed to Danes in the surrounding area (probably from the Isle of Man).
Landican Landechene (DB 1086) Welsh Tegan's church (cf. Welsh Llan) An otherwise unknown Welsh saint.
Lingham   Old Norse Heather island on a marsh Survives only as Lingham Farm on the Moreton shore.
Leasowe   Anglo-Saxon Pasture  
Ledsham Leuetesha (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Leofede's homestead or village  
Liscard Lisnekarke (1260) Old Irish Forge at the fort  
Meols Melas (DB 1086) Old Norse Sandbanks or sandhills An obvious feature of the area, which was an old seaport of the Viking community.
Moreton Moreton (1278) Anglo-Saxon Moor farm or settlement It was very marshy here when there was a channel cutting off Wallasey.
Ness Nesse (DB 1086) Old Norse Headland A lost feature of the then coast?
Neston Nestone (DB 1086) Old Norse Farmstead at the headland  
Newton   Anglo-Saxon New farm or settlement  
New Brighton   Anglo-Saxon Stone of Brihthelm Bestowed in aspiration to equal the original.
Noctorum Chenoterie (DB 1086) Old Irish Dry hill (Latinised version of cnocc tirim)  
Oxton Oxeton (1278) Anglo-Saxon Ox farm or settlement  
Parkgate   Modern English   Proximity to Leighton Park.
Pensby Penisby (1229) Old Norse Farm or settlement at Penn Hill On the side of Poll Hill, the highest point on the Wirral
Poulton Pontone (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Pool farm or settlement Reference to Wallasey Pool
Poulton Lancelyn Pontone (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Pool farm or settlement Reference to Bromborough Pool
Prenton Prestune (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Priest's farm or settlement  
Puddington Potitone (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Farm or settlement connected with Paeting  
Raby Rabie (DB 1086) Old Norse Boundary village On the boundary of the Scandinavian enclave in Wirral.
Saughall Massie Saligh (1249) Anglo-Saxon Willow-tree slope of land (held by Hamo de Mascy in 1309)  
Seacombe   Anglo-Saxon Sea valley It lies at the foot of the ridge from Liscard to New Brighton with Birkenhead rising on the opposite side of Wallasey Pool.
Shotwick Sotowiche (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon (Salt) station on a spit of land Referring to its location above Shotwick Dale (once tidal)?
Spital Spitell (1385) Middle English Hospital In 1283, licence was given to use land here as a hospital for lepers.
Storeton Stortone (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Great farmstead  
Sutton (Great/Little) Sudtone (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon South farm or settlement Pretty much as far South as you can go in the Wirral.
Thingwall Tuigvelle (DB 1086) Old Norse Assembly field Important meeting place or parliament for the Norse community at the centre of the Scandinavian enclave in Wirral.
Thornton Hough Torintone (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Thorn-tree farm or settlement (held by the Richard del Hogh family ca.1329)  
Thurstaston Turstanetone (DB 1086) Old Norse Thorstein's farmstead  
Tranmere Tranemull (1202) Welsh Hill settlement Geographically appropriate.
Upton Optone (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Higher farm or settlement Which it evidently could have been.
Wallasey Walea (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Island of the strangers The original Celtic people as opposed to the encroaching Anglo-Saxons presumably. Also known as Kirkeby in Walea (1180), counterpointing West Kirby.
West Kirby Cherchebia (1081) Old Norse West village of the church Refers to St. Bridget's, founded by Christian Scandinavians.
Whitby Witebia (1096) Old Norse White settlement Perhaps stone as opposed to wood.
Willaston Wilauestune (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Wiglaf's farm or settlement  
Wirral Wirheal (895) Anglo-Saxon Myrtle-tree corner of land  
Woodchurch Odecerce (1096) Old Norse Church in a wood or a wooden church