Around Liverpool
The Origin of Local Place Names @ allertonOak  
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Place Original Name Language Meaning Notes
Ainsdale Einulvesdel (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Einulf's dale-land Between the sandhills and the mosses (hardly elevated ground!).
Alt (river)   Gaelic Stream  
Altcar Acrer (DB 1086) Old Norse Moss-land by the River Alt  
Argarmeols Erengermeles (DB 1086) Old Norse Erengr's sandhills Partly where the Royal Birkdale golf course is now. Was lost to the sea by the end of the 14th century. Survives as Argarmeols Road, Freshfield.
Barton Bartune (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Barley farm or settlement  
Birkdale Birkedale (1200) Old Norse Birch-tree valley There are other possible interpretations.
Cronton Crohinton (1242) Anglo-Saxon Enclosure or farmstead with crows  
Ditton Ditton (1193) Anglo-Saxon Dyke or ditch enclosed farmstead Ditton Brook is nearby.
Downholland Holand (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Woodland To distinguish it from the more elevated Upholland near Wigan.
Eggergarth Ekergert (1240) Old Norse Small ploughed field enclosure Now lost (between Lydiate and Downholland Cross). Eggergate Mill House survives.
Farnworth Ferneworthe (12th cent.) Anglo-Saxon Fern farm  
Formby Fornebei (DB 1086) Old Norse Old village Possibly the oldest Viking settlement.
Freshfield   Old local dialect Field with a fresh water spring or stream running into the sea  
Hale Hales (1176) Anglo-Saxon Slope  
Halewood Halewode (ca.1200). Anglo-Saxon Wood by Hale  
Halsall Heleshale (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Haele's slope Situated on very slightly rising ground east of the mosses.
Ince Blundell Hinne (DB 1086) Old Norse Inn, house or hall on land owned by the Blundell family The Blundells have been local landowners since ca. 1200.
Kirkby Cherchebi (DB 1086) Old Norse Village with a church There has been a church on the site of St. Chad's Church for over 1100 years.
Knowsley Chenulveslei (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Kenulf's (meaning bold wolf) meadowland  
Little Crosby Crosebi (DB 1086), Little Crosseby (1243) Old Norse Village with cross(es) There is still one of the old crosses in the village.
Lunt Lund (1251) Old Norse Sacred grove The current OS map shows St. Helen's Well nearby.
Lydiate Leiate (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Postern or private gate  
Maghull Magele (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Barren field (uncertain)  
Melling Melinge (DB 1086) Norman After Vivian de Molines, 11th century landowner (or an Anglo-Saxon personal name)  
Oglet Ogelot (1275) Anglo-Saxon Oak tree by a watercourse  
Penketh Penket (1242) Anglo-Saxon Haven on a heath (uncertain) On the bank of the Mersey.
Ravensmeols Erengermeols (DB 1086) Old Norse Hrafn's sandhills Now lost. Just south of Formby but washed away by the sea. Survives as Raven Meols Hills, the name of the local sandhills.
Sefton Sextone (DB 1086) Old Norse Sedge enclosure or farmstead The marshy nature of the land by the church and the old mill.
Speke Spec (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Swine pasture  
Tarbock Torboc (DB 1086) Old Norse Thor's brook The ancient boundaries in the area were marked by several brooks.
Thornton Torentun (DB 1086) Anglo-Saxon Thorn-tree enclosure or farmstead  
Waddicar   Anglo-Saxon Woad plant fields  
Widnes Vidnes (1285) Old Norse Wide or wodded promontory A good description of the shape of the land.